Course: Basics in Ship Technology

Bachelor mechanical engineering

Providing basic knowledge of the ship's transport system and the methods for design based on a transport task or specification. Specification of important subsystems of a ship in relation to their basic parameters. These include the main dimensions with the shape of the ship and its significant influence on stability, space and resistance, the supporting structure, the propulsion system by interaction of ship, propeller and machinery, the equipment and equipment as well as e.g. cargo facilities. Acquisition of basic knowledge about the buoyancy and stability of floating structures, the calculation of ship shape parameters and the evaluation of loading conditions with regard to the floating position and stability. Application of the relevant, internationally valid IMO stability and freeboard regulations.

Lecture and seminar of this module in course catalogue

  • Terminology definition, tasks of ships, transport tasks, worldwide cargo flows, types of ships, types of cargoes
  • Ship types, distinguishing features from other transport carriers, system classification: shape, superstructure, space division, structure, machinery
  • Transport task -> design process: determination of main dimensions
  • Space, mass balance
  • Ship hull form development
  • Resistance estimation for performance prediction
  • Propeller + machinery concepts
  • Introduction to hydrostatics, Archimedes
  • Changes in floating position: hydrostatic matrix
  • Initial stability GM
  • Heeling test
  • Lever arm curve
  • Ship safety: IMO IS-Code
  • Development process, Maritime industry; Actors involved, tasks,
    Organizations: Classification societies, testing laboratories, International Maritime Organization (IMO)
  • Basic terminology, line drawing and general arrangement plan
  • Calculation of ship shape parameters
  • Sectional area curve
  • Determine main data with comparison ship
  • Freeboard criterion of the IMO
  • Calculation of buoyancy
  • Stability of floating positions
  • Intact stability and weather criterion of IMO

In order to deepen the acquired knowledge, additional homework will be handed out in the lecture-accompanying exercises, which must be attested.


Edward V. Lewis, Editor
Principles of Naval Architecture, Volume I, II und III
The Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, New Jersey, 1988
Signatur URO-BIB: ZO 6200 L673-1, -2, -3

H. Schneekluth
Entwerfen von Schiffen
Koehler Verlag, Herford, 1985
Signatur URO-BIB: ZO 6200 S358 E6(3)

David G. M. Watson
Practical ship design, 1. ed.
Elsevier, 1998,
Signatur URO-BIB: ZO 6200 W338

Schneekluth, Herbert, Bertram, Volker
Ship design for efficiency and economy, 2. ed.
Butterworth-Heinemann, 1998
Signatur URO-BIB: ZO 6200 S358 S5(2)

Bronsart, Robert
Glossar Schiffstechnik
Signature URO-BIB ZO 6200 B869

Allocation of this course in study

This course teaches the fundamentals of marine engineering. It is thus to be regarded as an introductory mandatory course for those students who wish to specialize in the field of marine and ocean engineering. The contents of the first three semester's courses are assumed as prior knowledge.

The contents and knowledge imparted in this course serve as a basis for the further courses of the specialization in naval architecture and ocean engineering as well as for the following master's degree. It is recommended to take the parallel course "Ship and Offshore Structures", which focuses on the structure of maritime systems and complements the contents of this lecture.



Oral exam (30 minutes duration), the module exam is graded. The date of the exam will be announced during the semester. In order to be admitted to the examination, the homework must have been successfully completed.


Course number: 21045
Courses: Basics of Ship Technology

Univ. Prof. Dr.-Ing. Florian Sprenger
M.Sc. Iven Sponholz
M.Sc. Junheng Zhang

Credit points: 6
Attendance: 2 SWS lectures, 2 SWS exercises/practicals

Scope of work:

  • Classes: 2 SWS lecture, 2 SWS exercise/seminar
  • Preparation, follow-up, self-study, homework: ~ 124 h
  • Total workload: ~ 180 h